A vision of the Spanish ornithology through 50 years of Ardeola publication

Authors: Andrés BARBOSA and Eulalia MORENO

Published: Volume 51(1), June 2004. Pages 3-18.

Language: Spanish

Original Title: Una visión de la ornitología española a través de 50 años de Ardeola

Keywords: Ardeola, bibliometry, history of science, Ibis, ornithology, publication bias, research topics, SCI, Spain and sociology of science.

Summary:

Aims: This paper analyses the papers published in Ardeola over the last 50 years with respect to research topics in comparison with the papers published in other ornithological journal such as Ibis and with those of Spanish authors in ornithology published in other journals included in the SCI.

Methods: The whole issues published by both Ardeola and Ibis were reviewed. The data base of ISI Web of Science was used to look for papers published in ornithology by Spanish authors as well.

Results and Conclusions: The results show an increase in both the number of papers (797) and the number of authors (1,365) publishing in Ardeola over the last 50 years (Fig. 2 and 3). A 13.11% of authors were foreign researchers. The research topics most investigated were biogeography, reproduction, diet/trophic ecology and migration (Fig. 1). The number of papers devoted to biogeography and taxonomy decreased (Fig. 14 and 15), while those devoted to migration (Fig. 16), genetics and pollution did not show any temporal trend. The remaining research topics showed an increase during these 50 years. The comparison with Ibis shows that this journal published more papers than Ardeola. After correction for this factor, more papers were published in Ibis in relation to reproduction (Fig. 5), population dynamics (Fig. 7), morphology (Fig. 10), taxonomy (Fig. 15) and behaviour (Fig. 13). However, more papers were published in Ardeola dealing with biogeography (Fig. 14) and conservation (Fig. 8). The comparison with papers published by Spanish authors in journals covered by ISI shows that Spanish ornithologists preferred Ardeola to publish their papers on migration (Fig. 1). They did not show any preference in relation to publication of studies dealing with habitat selection or diet/trophic ecology, while they preferred to publish the papers of the remaining topics in SCI journals (Fig. 1). The analysis of the preferences of research by avian orders and families shows that paseriforms, charadriforms and raptors focused the attention of Spanish ornithologists (Fig. 17). Within paseriforms, sylvids, corvids, parids, muscicapids, and fringilids were the families most studied (Fig. 18).

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