Published: Volume 58(2), December 2011. Pages 323-333.
A project to reintroduce the Spanish imperial eagle in the province of Cadiz (Andalusia, Spain) began in 2002. The aim was to restore the former breeding nucleus, to encourage subpopulation interconnection and to ensure the long-term persistence of the southern metapopulation of this endemic Iberian species. A population reinforcement programme also began in 2005 at a location in the Doñana area (Andalusia, Spain) to improve the viability of this endangered subpopulation. Between 2002 and 2010, a total of 73 young Spanish imperial eagles were released at four locations by means of hacking. As a result, in 2010 a released male bred successfully with a non-reintroduced female and two young were reared. This was the first successful breeding event recorded in Cadiz province since 1960. An additional territorial pair also settled in the release area in 2010 and four more translocated individuals have made breeding attempts within nearby breeding subpopulations since 2006. The settlement and breeding of reintroduced individuals is the starting point of a future population and constitutes a relevant indicator for the evaluation of the project.