Individual and geographical variation in the territorial calls of tawny owls Strix aluco in Eastern Europe

Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13157/arla.62.2.2015.299

Authors: Sergey Mikhailovich SHEKHOVTSOV and Alexander Viktorovich SHARIKOV

E-mail: avsharikov@ya.ru

Published: Volume 62.2, December 2015. Pages 299-310.

Language: English

Keywords: individual variation, macrogeographical variation, microgeographical variation and vocalisation

Summary:

Territorial calls (hooting) of two tawny owl subspecies, Strix aluco aluco(the eastern European subspecies) and Strix aluco willkonskii(the Caucasian subspecies), were recorded from October 2007 to February 2013, to study variation between individuals and subspecies. Calls of the eastern European subspecies were recorded in Moscow region (Russia) and “Gomolshanskie Lesa” National Park (Ukraine). Males of the Caucasian subspecies were recorded in “Bolshoi Utrish” Reserve and “Sochinskii” National Park (Russia). The territorial calls of the eastern European and Caucasian subspecies are compared for the first time. The discriminatory accuracy of individual calls reached 98% for S. a. alucoand 77% for S. a. willkonskiiwhen accounting for six frequency and temporal parameters of their call. We found the call of the two subspecies to differ in half of the acoustic parameters considered, suggesting that macrogeographic variation between the Eastern European and Caucasian subspecies may have taken place.

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